GCF of 12 and 16
GCF of 12 and 16 is the largest possible number that divides 12 and 16 exactly without any remainder. The factors of 12 and 16 are 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 12 and 1, 2, 4, 8, 16 respectively. There are 3 commonly used methods to find the GCF of 12 and 16  long division, Euclidean algorithm, and prime factorization.
1.  GCF of 12 and 16 
2.  List of Methods 
3.  Solved Examples 
4.  FAQs 
What is GCF of 12 and 16?
Answer: GCF of 12 and 16 is 4.
Explanation:
The GCF of two nonzero integers, x(12) and y(16), is the greatest positive integer m(4) that divides both x(12) and y(16) without any remainder.
Methods to Find GCF of 12 and 16
Let's look at the different methods for finding the GCF of 12 and 16.
 Long Division Method
 Prime Factorization Method
 Listing Common Factors
GCF of 12 and 16 by Long Division
GCF of 12 and 16 is the divisor that we get when the remainder becomes 0 after doing long division repeatedly.
 Step 1: Divide 16 (larger number) by 12 (smaller number).
 Step 2: Since the remainder ≠ 0, we will divide the divisor of step 1 (12) by the remainder (4).
 Step 3: Repeat this process until the remainder = 0.
The corresponding divisor (4) is the GCF of 12 and 16.
GCF of 12 and 16 by Prime Factorization
Prime factorization of 12 and 16 is (2 × 2 × 3) and (2 × 2 × 2 × 2) respectively. As visible, 12 and 16 have common prime factors. Hence, the GCF of 12 and 16 is 2 × 2 = 4.
GCF of 12 and 16 by Listing Common Factors
 Factors of 12: 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 12
 Factors of 16: 1, 2, 4, 8, 16
There are 3 common factors of 12 and 16, that are 1, 2, and 4. Therefore, the greatest common factor of 12 and 16 is 4.
☛ Also Check:
 GCF of 5 and 35 = 5
 GCF of 32 and 81 = 1
 GCF of 4 and 15 = 1
 GCF of 4 and 8 = 4
 GCF of 10 and 20 = 10
 GCF of 27 and 45 = 9
 GCF of 12 and 24 = 12
GCF of 12 and 16 Examples

Example 1: The product of two numbers is 192. If their GCF is 4, what is their LCM?
Solution:
Given: GCF = 4 and product of numbers = 192
∵ LCM × GCF = product of numbers
⇒ LCM = Product/GCF = 192/4
Therefore, the LCM is 48. 
Example 2: Find the greatest number that divides 12 and 16 exactly.
Solution:
The greatest number that divides 12 and 16 exactly is their greatest common factor, i.e. GCF of 12 and 16.
⇒ Factors of 12 and 16: Factors of 12 = 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 12
 Factors of 16 = 1, 2, 4, 8, 16
Therefore, the GCF of 12 and 16 is 4.

Example 3: Find the GCF of 12 and 16, if their LCM is 48.
Solution:
∵ LCM × GCF = 12 × 16
⇒ GCF(12, 16) = (12 × 16)/48 = 4
Therefore, the greatest common factor of 12 and 16 is 4.
FAQs on GCF of 12 and 16
What is the GCF of 12 and 16?
The GCF of 12 and 16 is 4. To calculate the greatest common factor of 12 and 16, we need to factor each number (factors of 12 = 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 12; factors of 16 = 1, 2, 4, 8, 16) and choose the greatest factor that exactly divides both 12 and 16, i.e., 4.
What is the Relation Between LCM and GCF of 12, 16?
The following equation can be used to express the relation between LCM (Least Common Multiple) and GCF of 12 and 16, i.e. GCF × LCM = 12 × 16.
If the GCF of 16 and 12 is 4, Find its LCM.
GCF(16, 12) × LCM(16, 12) = 16 × 12
Since the GCF of 16 and 12 = 4
⇒ 4 × LCM(16, 12) = 192
Therefore, LCM = 48
☛ GCF Calculator
How to Find the GCF of 12 and 16 by Prime Factorization?
To find the GCF of 12 and 16, we will find the prime factorization of the given numbers, i.e. 12 = 2 × 2 × 3; 16 = 2 × 2 × 2 × 2.
⇒ Since 2, 2 are common terms in the prime factorization of 12 and 16. Hence, GCF(12, 16) = 2 × 2 = 4
☛ Prime Number
How to Find the GCF of 12 and 16 by Long Division Method?
To find the GCF of 12, 16 using long division method, 16 is divided by 12. The corresponding divisor (4) when remainder equals 0 is taken as GCF.
What are the Methods to Find GCF of 12 and 16?
There are three commonly used methods to find the GCF of 12 and 16.
 By Listing Common Factors
 By Long Division
 By Prime Factorization
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