Asked by: Ran Stiber
asked in category: General Last Updated: 1st January, 2020

Is volcanic glass a rock?

Volcanic glass can refer to the interstitial, or matrix, material in an aphanitic (fine grained) volcanic rock or can refer to any of several types of vitreous igneous rocks. Most commonly, it refers to obsidian, a rhyolitic glass with high silica (SiO2) content.

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Correspondingly, which rock is called volcanic glass?

Obsidian is a naturally occurring volcanic glass formed as an extrusive igneous rock. Obsidian is produced when felsic lava extruded from a volcano cools rapidly with minimal crystal growth.

Secondly, how can you tell if a rock is volcanic? Igneous rocks are formed from lava, magma or ash from a volcanic eruption or flow.

If there are no visible grains, use the following criteria to classify your rock:

  1. Igneous rocks are very dense and hard.
  2. Metamorphic rocks may also have a glassy appearance.
  3. Sedimentary rocks with no grains will resemble dry clay or mud.

Regarding this, what is volcanic glass made of?

Volcanic glass, any glassy rock formed from lava or magma that has a chemical composition close to that of granite (quartz plus alkali feldspar). Such molten material may reach very low temperatures without crystallizing, but its viscosity may become very high.

How can you tell if a rock is obsidian?

Examine the general appearance of obsidian. It has a distinctive smooth glassy appearance. Obsidian is really a frozen liquid with small amounts of mineral impurities. Look at the color.

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