Asked by: Charisse Belkaid
asked in category: General Last Updated: 1st May, 2020

What refers to someone's genetic makeup?

The genotype is the part of the genetic makeup of a cell, and therefore of any individual, which determines one of its characteristics (phenotype). The term was coined by the Danish botanist, plant physiologist and geneticist Wilhelm Johannsen in 1903.

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Similarly one may ask, what is a genetic make up?

Genes are made up of DNA. Some genes act as instructions to make molecules called proteins. Every person has two copies of each gene, one inherited from each parent. Most genes are the same in all people, but a small number of genes (less than 1 percent of the total) are slightly different between people.

Also Know, how do you describe genetics? Cultural definitions for genetics The study of heredity, or how the characteristics of living things are transmitted from one generation to the next. Every living thing contains the genetic material that makes up DNA molecules. This material is passed on when organisms reproduce.

Also to know, what is genetic allele?

An allele is a variant form of a gene. Some genes have a variety of different forms, which are located at the same position, or genetic locus, on a chromosome. Humans are called diploid organisms because they have two alleles at each genetic locus, with one allele inherited from each parent.

How is genetics important to human?

The importance of human genetic research. 13.11 Human genetic research generates knowledge with the potential to improve individual and community health. Research can also reveal information about an individual's susceptibility to disease and hence about the individual's future health.

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