Asked by: Hallouma Nurmuhamedov
asked in category: General Last Updated: 21st January, 2020

Which component of the endocrine system controls the body's metabolic rate?

The thyroid gland is located in the lower front part of the neck. It produces thyroid hormones that regulate the body's metabolism. It also plays a role in bone growth and development of the brain and nervous system in children. The pituitary gland controls the release of thyroid hormones.

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Herein, how does the endocrine system regulate metabolism?

The thyroid's main role in the endocrine system is to regulate your metabolism, which is your body's ability to break down food and convert it to energy. Food essentially fuels the body, and each of our bodies uses that fuel at different rates. The pituitary gland and hypothalamus both control the thyroid.

Additionally, how many endocrine glands are there? Although there are eight major endocrine glands scattered throughout the body, they are still considered to be one system because they have similar functions, similar mechanisms of influence, and many important interrelationships.

Then, what are the major components of the endocrine system?

While many parts of the body make hormones, the major glands that make up the endocrine system are the:

  • hypothalamus.
  • pituitary.
  • thyroid.
  • parathyroids.
  • adrenals.
  • pineal body.
  • the ovaries.
  • the testes.

What are some common diseases of the endocrine system?

Common Endocrine Disorders

  • Type 1 Diabetes.
  • Type 2 Diabetes.
  • Osteoporosis.
  • Thyroid Cancer.
  • Addison's Disease.
  • Cushing's Syndrome.
  • Graves' Disease.
  • Hashimoto's Thyroiditis.

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